The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as The "Earth Summit", held in 1992, considered strategies reconciling the imperatives of environmental protection and worldwide development and adopted in Agenda 21 an international program of action for global sustainable development into 21st century.
On UNESCO initiative and with the close support of a group of Heads and Government, a World Solar Commission was established in 1995 to provide high-level leadership.
The Worlds Solar Summit held in 1997 launched The "Word Solar Programme 1996-2005 in which take part 104 States. This programme, conceived as a concrete follow-up of the recommendations of the Earth Summit.
The purpose of WSP is to sensitize governments, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, financial institutions, academia and private institutions on the need to support the development and utilization of renewable energy for sustainable development. Objectives and actions to be taken through the high priority national, regional and global projects.
WSP recognize the significance of the role solar and other sources of renewable energy such as wind, geothermal, hydro, biomass and ocean. Solar energy can reduce environmental degradation caused by adverse human activities.
The strategy of renewables must be well-founded not only on technical and economical criterion, but on the society and energy link, social and cultural dimensions.
Among the many security issues related to energy, an issue of dominant concern is the growing dependence of the majority of developed and developing countries on imports from a few oil and gas producing countries.
It is clear that the rules of the market, without remedial measures, would hamper any resolute and rapid transition to renewable energy, despite its obvious societal, environmental and economic benefits.
WSP 1996-2005 is to become the main supporter of renewable energy development.
Decision-makers at the national level are increasingly aware of the fact that the wider-scale use of renewable energies can have a very important impact on two key issues confronting them: environmental protection and social development.
Several regions have planed that the share of renewables in the overall energy production should be in the range of 8 to 15% by the year 2005.
The EC predicts the contribution of renewable energy sources to gross inland renewable energy consumption to between 9,9% and 12,5% by 2010.
Lithuania has very few fossil sources of energy. The fossil sources are imported. On the other hand it has a sufficient solar, wind, hydro, biomass and geothermal resources. Lithuania has a scientific, technological and industrial potential for renewable energy development.
The development of renewable energy in Lithuania is guided by National program on increasing of an energy consumption effectiveness, the implementation of which lasts from 1992. The one of priority directions is utilization of biomes and other renewable sources of energy such as hydro, geothermal, particularly - wind and solar.
Lithuanian National Commission of UNESCO in common with Institute of Lithuanian Scientific Society under support by UNESCO carried out "The participation program 1998-1999" and has developed this "Lithuanian National Solar Program 2000-2005" and will take an effort to introduce it into World Solar Program 1996-2005.
Such national project of LNSP is developed. In fact this is Lithuanian program of a renewable energy obtaining nor only solar energy (photovoltaics, heat), but a biomes (plant biomes, biofuel, biooil), wind, hydro and geothermy as well. For this reason Lithuanian national solar program becomes Lithuanian renewable energy program.
The main goal of the Lithuanian National Solar Programmed as well, as Word Solar Program remains: to develop not only perspective researches, to create very effective technologies, to develop industry, to built demonstrations power systems, but, as it is very important, - to develop people education, to establish information set and communications, to implement sustainable renewable energy legislation.
Lithuanian National Solar Programme 2000-2005, as a part of the World Solar Program 1996-2005 (directed by UNESCO under United Nations), and as national program, correlated with EU White Paper: Energy for the Future: Renewable Sources of Energy, 1997, would become as a background for LITHUANIAN STATE PROGRAMME OF THE RENEWABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY .
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